Thevaram Lyrics in Tamil PDF: The History and Meaning of the Shiva Bhakti Songs
Thevaram Lyrics in Tamil PDF: A Guide to the Sacred Hymns of Shaivism
If you are a devotee of Lord Shiva, you might have heard of Thevaram, the collection of sacred hymns that praise the glory of the Supreme. Thevaram means "divine garland" and it consists of over 3000 verses composed by three saint-poets who lived between the 7th and 9th centuries CE. These saints, known as Sambandhar, Appar and Sundarar, were also called Nayanmars, meaning "leaders of the eyes" or "guides of the vision". They were among the 63 Nayanmars who dedicated their lives to Shiva and spread his devotion throughout Tamil Nadu.
thevaram lyrics in tamil pdf
Thevaram hymns are considered to be the essence of Shaivism, the sect of Hinduism that worships Shiva as the supreme reality. They express the various aspects of Shiva, such as his compassion, power, beauty, grace, wisdom and bliss. They also describe the personal experiences of the saints with Shiva, such as their visions, miracles, struggles, joys and sorrows. They also invoke Shiva's blessings for various purposes, such as health, wealth, protection, liberation and enlightenment.
Thevaram hymns are not only poetic but also musical. They are set to various tunes or ragas that enhance their mood and meaning. They are traditionally sung in temples and homes by devotees who seek to connect with Shiva through sound and devotion. They are also recited or listened to as a form of meditation or worship.
If you want to access Thevaram lyrics in Tamil PDF format online, you have come to the right place. In this article, we will introduce you to the three saints who composed Thevaram, give you some examples of their hymns and their meanings, and show you how to download their lyrics in Tamil PDF format. We will also answer some frequently asked questions about Thevaram and its benefits. So let's get started!
Sambandhar: The Child Saint Who Sang with Divine Grace
Sambandhar was born in a Brahmin family in Sirkazhi, a town near Chidambaram. He was named Tirugnanasambandhan, meaning "one who is connected with the supreme knowledge". When he was three years old, he accompanied his father to a Shiva temple nearby. There he saw Shiva and Parvati appear before him and offer him a cup of milk. He drank it and immediately started singing praises of Shiva in flawless Tamil. His father was astonished and asked him what happened. He replied that Parvati had given him the milk of wisdom and that he was now a devotee of Shiva.
From then on, Sambandhar travelled across Tamil Nadu with his father and other disciples, visiting various Shiva temples and singing his hymns. He also performed many miracles by curing diseases, reviving the dead, converting non-believers and defeating rival sects. He was revered by kings, priests and common people alike. He composed over 300 hymns that form the first three volumes of Thevaram.
Some examples of his hymns are:
Thodudaiya Seviyan: This is his first hymn that he sang at the age of three. It means "the one who has ears adorned with flowers". It praises Shiva as the lord of Sirkazhi who wears a crescent moon on his matted hair, has a third eye on his forehead, holds a trident and a drum in his hands, rides a bull as his vehicle and has Parvati as his consort.
Mandhiram Avadhu Neeru: This is his famous hymn that he sang at Madurai when he cured King Koon Pandiyan of a deadly fever. It means "the water becomes a mantra". It describes how he sprinkled holy water from a pot on the king's head while chanting Shiva's name and how the king recovered instantly.
Pitha Pirai Soodi: This is his hymn that he sang at Thiruvannamalai, one of the five elemental shrines of Shiva where he represents fire. It means "the one who wears the crescent moon". It praises Shiva as the lord of Arunachala hill who burns away the sins of his devotees with his fiery eye.
If you want to download Sambandhar's Thevaram lyrics in Tamil PDF format, you can click on this link: https://isha.sadhguru.org/mahashivratri/ta/thevaram-in-tamil/. You will find his hymns along with their meanings and audio files.
Appar: The Wanderer Who Found His Way Back to Shiva
Appar was born in a Vellala family in Tiruvamur, a village near Pondicherry. He was named Marulneekkiyar, meaning "one who is compassionate". He was married at a young age but soon lost his wife. He then renounced his worldly life and became a Jain monk. He followed Jainism for many years but was not satisfied with its teachings. He also suffered from a severe stomach ailment that could not be cured by any medicine.
One day, he heard Sambandhar singing his hymns at a nearby temple. He was impressed by his devotion and decided to meet him. Sambandhar welcomed him warmly and asked him about his condition. He then gave him some holy ash (vibhuti) from a Shiva temple and asked him to apply it on his body while chanting Shiva's name. Appar did so and was miraculously healed. He realized his mistake and begged for Sambandhar's forgiveness. Sambandhar embraced him as his brother and gave him a new name: Tirunavukkarasar, meaning "the king of speech".
Appar then became an ardent devotee of Shiva and travelled across Tamil Nadu with Sambandhar, visiting various Shiva temples and singing his hymns. He also faced many hardships and persecutions from Jain rulers and fanatics but remained steadfast in his faith. He composed over 300 hymns that form the fourth, fifth and sixth volumes of Thevaram.
Some examples of his hymns are:
Veyuru Tholi Pangan: This is his first hymn that he sang after